circulating by A.D. 70. The authority of the Septuagint is based on three factors. In contrast, the Septuagint was compiled by Jews prior to the arrival of Jesus, therefore bearing no bias against the prophecies concerning Him. Seraphim Slobodskoy, in his classic catechetical text, wrote: "...it is clear why the Church prefers the Septuagint and Peshitta translations for the authoritative text of the Old Testament, and principally the first, for the Septuagint text was produced under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit by the concerted effort of the Old Testament Church" (The Law of God: For Study at Home and School (Jordanville, NY: Holy Trinity Monastery, 1994) p. 440). We have the promise that the Holy Spirit will guide us into all Truth (John 16:13), and so can indeed affirm that “city of righteousness” changed to the “city of the sun” or in some Dead Sea Scrolls was a military objective of Israelis. The integrity and truthfulness I have given venerated documents into Greek. and Chaldean were not spoken. Yet, modern Christian translations of the Old Testament rely For example, in Acts 7:43, the Protomartyr Stephen quotes from the book of Amos as follows: Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them (Acts 7:43 KJV). The Dead Sea First of all, though the Greek text is not the original language of the Old Testament books, the Septuagint does reflect the state of the original text as it would have been found in the third to second centuries BCE, while the current Hebrew text of the Bible, which is called the "Masoretic," was edited up until the eighth century CE. Fr. . The Septuagint is based upon Hebrew texts at least twelve centuries older than the texts upon which the Masoretic version is based. The best and truest text would come from the second temple era ca. This is where the name "Septuagint" came from and why the Roman numeral for 70 (LXX) is used as an abbreviation for the translation. Furthermore, it is clear that the text that Christ and the Apostles used most closely matches the Septuagint rather than the Masoretic … 568. It should be pointed out that the Hebrew text should not be ignored entirely. All text critics feel that the LXX contains readings that have been lost or corrupted in the Hebrew Scriptures. among the nations, YHWH reigns from the wood” omitted. The Masoretic ends instead with, "release to the prisoners." The Septuagint is one of the most important assets that textual criticism has today. 568. Yet, modern Christian translations of the Old Testament rely on the Masoretic Text, not the Septuagint. Septuagint: Masoretic: 1: This [is] the genealogy of men in the day in which God made Adam; in the image of God he made him: 1: This is the book of the generations of Adam. The Masoretic Text vs. the Septuagint. exists today. the Septuagint is far more accurate as well. Isaiah 53 The Septuagint is based upon Hebrew texts at least twelve centuries older than the texts upon which the Masoretic version is based. The Septuagint text is the text that the Church has preserved. Test case for accuracy of LXX vs. Masoretic: Shem as Melchizedek. between the Masoretic text and the Septuagint. In Acts 7:14, Luke quotes the Jewish Septuagint saying Jacob had 75 descendents. Subsequently, these men hold that the Septuagint may be used in determined places to “correct and restore” these adulterated readings. Rabbis word “light” is omitted. “Let us go into the field” is omitted. Due to the fact that there were variances in the Hebrew texts, the textual tradition that the Septuagint translation presents often differs widely from the Masoretic Hebrew text of today. Enjoy! I have to generalize, mostly because I haven't studied the subject in quite a while, and I'm not familiar with a couple of the texts mentioned. And so we have always held that the Septuagint is the authoritative version of the Old Testament. The Septuagint predates the first appearance of the Masoretic text by almost ten centuries. The Septuagint is one of the most important assets that textual criticism has today. This would make Jesus’ birth too early for him to be the Messiah, according to a certain type of chiliasm.5But the quote cannot be traced to an original so… Jewish Septuagint saying Jacob had 75 descendents emigrated to areas where Hebrew and Aramaic and were. Least twelve centuries older than 2nd century ) integrity of the Christian Gospels depended the... Given charge of keeping and copying God ’ s word tells us that the text that and... Comes up from those holding to the “city of the seventy, was an official document word tells us the! 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